BAYRAMIÇ, town near Çanakkale\>\> in Turkey in an area where many important ancient cities like Skamandros, Skepsis, called Israillü in the Ottoman Era, and Kebrene developed. Ottoman rule in this region started in the mid-14th century. Due to Jewish overpopulation in Çanakkale, some Jewish families emigrated to Bayramiç where they established a small quarter composed of 30 households in 1884 and 60 Jews in 1894. By 1910 the number of Jewish households had increased to 50. There were 800 Muslims, 190 Greeks, and 200 Armenians in the district in the 1890s. From time to time there were conflicts, as in the case of a Christian blood libel against the Jews in 1884. During the Gallipoli Campaign, the Jewish population in Bayramiç temporarily increased due to mass flight from the battlefields in Çanakkale. The Jews in Bayramiç had their own cemetery after the Gallipoli Campaign, whereas they had previously buried their dead in Çanakkale. The Jewish community was well organized in the sense that it had a synagogue, talmud torah, rabbis, and charitable institutions to provide relief for the needy. Economic activities like exporting cereal and bonito, small-scale manufacturing, and ironmongery were common among the Bayramiç Jews. According to the census of 1927, 93 Jews remained in the district. The Jewish presence in Bayramiç ended in the 1960s. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: BOA (Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi), TD 166; Karasi Vilayet Salnamesi (H. 1305), 141; V. Cuinet, La Turquie d'Asie, 3 (1894), 696, 765; A. Galanté, histoire des Juifs d'Anatolie, 4 (1987), 221–23; J.M. Cook, Troad: An Archeological and Topographical Study (1973), 279. (M. Mustafa Kulu (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayramiç — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayramiç — is a town and district of Çanakkale Province, Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • Bayramic — Original name in latin Bayrami Name in other language Bairamich, Bayramic, Bayrami Scepsis, Scepss State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 39.80862 latitude 26.60983 altitude 107 Population 0 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bayramiç — is., öz. Çanakkale iline bağlı ilçelerden biri …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Barrage de Bayramic — Barrage de Bayramiç Barrage de Bayramiç Localisation Pays  Turquie Province …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barrage de bayramiç — Localisation Pays  Turquie Province …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barrage de Bayramiç — Géographie Pays  Turquie Subdivision Çanakkale Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Байрамич — Районный центр Байрамич тур. Bayramiç Страна ТурцияТурция …   Википедия

  • Skepsis — (also Scepsis, and in Greek: Σκέψις) was an ancient settlement in Mysia, Asia Minor that is at the present site of Kurşuntepe, in Bayramiç, Turkey. The settlement is notable for being the location where the famous library of Aristotle was kept… …   Wikipedia

  • CANAKKALE — (Turk. Çanakkale or Kala i Sultaniye; Eng. Dardanelles), town in Turkey. Canakkale was established in 1463 on the Asian shore of the Dardanelles between the ancient Abydos and Dardanos. Jews initially settled in Parium about 48 B.C.E. during the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”